Indeed, if all the atoms making up the entire earth were radiocarbon, then after only 1 million years absolutely no carbon atoms should be left! To keep from concluding that the rocks are only thousands of years old, they claim that the radiocarbon must be due to contamination, either from the field or from the laboratory, or from both. The biosphere the places on earth where organisms live has always had the same overall carbon concentration as the atmosphere, due to the rapid transfer of carbon atoms from the atmosphere to the biosphere. The Power of Radiocarbon Detection Technology Most laboratories measure radiocarbon with a very sophisticated instrument called an accelerator mass spectrometer, or AMS. After plants and animals perish, however, they no longer replace molecules damaged by radioactive decay. Distribution of 14C values in samples of organic carbon from biologically derived materials such as fossils, limestones, coals, oils, natural gas, and graphite, as reported in the scientific literature. This process is called beta decay. The reason is that, as long as the organism is alive, it replaces any carbon molecules that have decayed into nitrogen. The decay of radiocarbon follows the exponential decay law, whereby the percentage decrease in the number of parent atoms per unit time is constant. Cosmic rays from outer space are continually bombarding the upper atmosphere of the earth, producing fast-moving neutrons sub-atomic particles carrying no electric charge figure 1.
If carbon has formed at a constant rate for a very long time and continually mixed into the biosphere, then the level of carbon in the atmosphere should remain constant. But there is no way of independently calibrating the radioactive clocks in rocks because no observers were present when the rocks formed and the clocks started. So if half the sand grains are in the top bowl and half in the bottom bowl, then 30 minutes has elapsed since the sand grains began falling. The ejected electrons are called beta particles and make up what is called beta radiation. All these results have been reported in the conventional scientific literature. Since the atmosphere is composed of about 78 percent nitrogen, 2 a lot of radiocarbon atoms are produced—in total about Carbon dates of the same value are expected in creation theory and contrary to the expectations in conventional old-earth theory. Radiocarbon in Fossils Confirmed For some years creation scientists have been doing their own investigations of radiocarbon in fossils. Also, the tight bonding in their crystals would have prevented any car-bon in the atmosphere from replacing any regular carbon atoms in the diamonds. The Power of Radiocarbon Detection Technology Most laboratories measure radiocarbon with a very sophisticated instrument called an accelerator mass spectrometer, or AMS. Determining the Rate of Radiocarbon Decay After radiocarbon forms, the nuclei of the carbon atoms are unstable, so over time they progressively decay back to nuclei of stable nitrogen Assumptions Change Estimates of Age To solve this puzzle it is necessary to review the assumptions on which radiocarbon dating is based. Radiocarbon is thus incorporated into plants by photosynthesis and into the animals that eat the plants. If the level is constant, living plants and animals should also maintain a constant carbon level in them. This is not a problem for creationist scientists, but it is a serious problem for evolutionists. After all, we should be able to estimate how long ago a creature lived based on how much radiocarbon is left in its body. The biosphere the places on earth where organisms live has always had the same overall carbon concentration as the atmosphere, due to the rapid transfer of carbon atoms from the atmosphere to the biosphere. The conventional scientific community is ignoring at least two factors crucial to re-calibrating radiocarbon so that it accounts for major changes in the biosphere and atmosphere that likely resulted from the Flood: Indeed, scientists have now determined that the concentration of carbon in the atmosphere varies considerably according to latitude. If scientists assume the ratio is times greater than it really was, then their radiocarbon age estimate would be exaggerated by 43, years. Since all pre-Flood plants would have had the same low radiocarbon levels when they were buried, and they all formed into coal beds during that single Flood year, then those coal beds should all have the same low radiocarbon content. So if you mistakenly assume that the radiocarbon levels in the atmosphere and biosphere have always been the same as they are today, you would erroneously estimate much older dates for early human artifacts, such as post-Babel wooden statuettes in Egypt. Although many people think radiocarbon is used to date rocks, it is limited to dating things that contain carbon and were once alive fossils. The most well-known of all the radiometric dating methods is radiocarbon dating. We can measure in the laboratory how many carbon atoms are still in the skull. Radiocarbon then enters animals as they consume the plants figure 2.
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