When not at war in later prehistory Samoans lived in villages; in American Samoa these were mostly in coastal areas. Boulders used for this activity generally have smooth dish-shaped concave areas on them and sometimes grooves in which the adz bits were sharpened. The first recorded European contact occurred in , when Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen sighted several of the islands. No sites from this period are listed on the National Register, although the two mentioned above both meet National Register Criteria A and D. In the Van Camp Seafood Co. Tutuila was at times under the jurisdiction of the eastern districts of 'Upolu, and Tutuilans may have been required by chiefs on 'Upolu to fight in their wars. The canneries make significant contributions to the economy of American Samoa and employment opportunities draw people from Western Samoa. One site type that was probably utilized during this period are the stone quarries. It has been conventionally accepted that pottery manufacture ceased in Samoa sometime shortly after A. Material remains in these sites can include some or all of the following: To date 4 large and about 6 smaller quarries have been identified on Tutuila Island. Naval Station Tutuila", now a Historic District listed on the National Register, was the headquarters of the Samoan Defense Group, which included several adjacent island groups, and was the largest of the Pacific defense groups. These boulders are found in archaeological sites such as Maloata and Tulauta , in streams, and elsewhere on the island landscape. One of the large quarries, Tatagamatau, is listed on the National Register and two others are being nominated. The quarries continued to be utilized into the early historic period, when iron tools introduced by Europeans began to replace the locally made stone tools.
In the postwar era, American Samoa's military importance continued to decline, and in , the Territory was transferred to the Department of the Interior, under whose control it remains. Warfare was also prevalent among the Manu'a islands. The first recorded European contact occurred in , when Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen sighted several of the islands. Tutuila was at times under the jurisdiction of the eastern districts of 'Upolu, and Tutuilans may have been required by chiefs on 'Upolu to fight in their wars. Other Pacific Islanders came to Samoa as missionaries during this period e. When the Samoan Islands were partitioned according to the provisions of the Tripartite Convention in , the United States acquired the eastern islands, while Germany took control of 'Upolu, Savai'i, Manono and Apolima, whose total area is 1, square miles. The ideal layout of a Samoan village was a central open space, called a malae, surrounded by meeting houses, chiefs' houses, other residences and cooking houses. During this period, warfare over titled positions on the islands of Western Samoa influenced events on Tutuila. Grinding stones have been found in the Manu'a islands. These islands now comprise the Independent State of Western Samoa, which New Zealand forces wrested from the Germans in , maintaining control of them until Navy control from to , American Samoa was initially a coaling station for the fleet in the Age of Steam. These mounds were usually constructed of stone, had one or more rays, and were used for the sport of pigeon catching by chiefs. In some cases the remains are still visible on the surface while in other places the evidence of prehistoric use is all below the ground surface. Domesticated plants were transported for cultivation. While early sites on some other islands in Polynesia are now beneath water e. The quarries continued to be utilized into the early historic period, when iron tools introduced by Europeans began to replace the locally made stone tools. Quarries were abandoned with the introduction of metal tools, and star mounds ceased to be used due to the influence of the missionaries; however, villages retained their basic structure. Archaeological sites dating from the early period of occupation are primarily habitation sites and are expected to be mostly coastal e. One of the significant stone tool type manufactured from basalt extracted from these quarries were adzes. Quarries continued to be used during this time period. No sites from this period are listed on the National Register, although the two mentioned above both meet National Register Criteria A and D. Historic properties in American Samoa that are associated with Euro-Americans, both military discussed below and otherwise, are usually distinctive in their use of some sort of concrete materials. The final prominent site type from late prehistory are tia seu lupe, called star mounds in English. These boulders are found in archaeological sites such as Maloata and Tulauta , in streams, and elsewhere on the island landscape. He and his followers had a profound impact on the Samoans and their culture. Fortifications, ceased to be used once the European powers eliminated local warfare.
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